Tag: ONCYTE

Multiplexed ONCYTE Protein microarrays Used for Infectious Disease Immunogen Discovery

First, in an interesting Shistotosomiasis study, Gaze, et al, employ protein microarrays in a longitudinal immunomics study for vaccine antigen discovery (1).  Schistosomiasis is a pervasive disease affecting 200 million people a year and traditional drug treatments are ineffective due to re-infection, drug expense, and parasite drug resistance. Non-sterile immunity does develop over long periods of … Continued

Improved Classification of Influenza Infection, Future Susceptibility and Pandemic Epidmiology using ONCYTE Porous Nitrocellulose Film Microarrays

An interesting paper furthering the expansion of infectious disease serological applications using ONCYTE porous nitrocellulose film slides was described by researchers out of the Netherlands for classifying influenza infections and susceptibility to future infections. Microarrays printed on ONCYTE AVID film slides used purified recombinant influenza virus hemagglutinin antigens (HA1) from various subtypes (H1, H2, H3, … Continued

Targeted Malarial Serological Diagnostics using ONCYTE Porous Nitrocellulose Film Microarray

Targeted diagnostic serological screening using ONCYTE porous nitrocellulose (PNC) microarrays is currently greatly expanding. Interesting research in the Felgner laboratory at UC Irvine has centered on identifying and monitoring P. falciparum antigens involved in malaria infection using subsets of its viral proteome produced via a recombinant expression system and arraying on PNC. Recently, in collaboration … Continued

Quantum Nanocrystal (QNC) Detection and ONCYTE AVID Porous Nitrocellulose Results in Improved RPPA Quantitation and Dynamic Range

ONCYTE porous nitrocellulose (PNC) film slides are a 3-D substrate very well suited for protein microarrays due to its high binding capacity and ability to retain proteins’ conformation and antigenic sites. PNC slides have proven extremely valuable for Reverse-Phase Protein Arrays (RPPAs) in the field of cancer research.In recent years, interest in further improving the … Continued

Review of Mujawar et al Analytical Chemistry – Distribution of Biomolecules in Porous Nitrocellulose Films

An interesting paper in (Analytical Chemistry) describes the use of confocal fluorescence section imaging to analyze protein distribution in microarray spots on nitrocellulose film slides. By scanning and imaging through the Z dimension of a printed spot of fluor labeled protein, a 3-dimensional quantitation of fluorophore density in the films was obtained, showing that commercial … Continued

Multiplex Microarrays: The Next Generation ELISA

The hallmark of chronic diseases is the production of highly specific autoantibodies (1,2).  These autoantibodies are increasingly measured to guide clinical decision making.    The goal of these measurements is to define intracellular signal pathway activation profiles. These profiles can be integrated with clinical information to generate “biosignatures” for individual patients, the goal of which is personalized … Continued

Sensitive Detection of Total Protein on RPPA using Fast Green

Reverse phase protein arrays (RPPA) are designed for sensitive quantitation of a target protein in a very small sample of tissue lysate, and multiplex analysis of many samples in one experiment. This technology holds great promise for the identification and analysis of critical biomarkers for disease states in patient samples and for high-throughput drug screening … Continued

High Capacity Porous Nitrocellulose Microarray Substrates Enable Whole Proteome Serology Screening Assays for Antigenicity Profiling of Infectious Disease Agents

Insight into the dynamics of pathogenic infectivity has been greatly enhanced by studies using whole proteome microarray technology [1]. Techniques allowing high throughput production of recombinant proteins representing comprehensive antigenic potential of pathogenic bacteria and viruses allow examination of the degrees to which specific antigenic proteins are involved in human serological response.The true value of … Continued

Beating Background Fluorescence on Nitrocellulose Film-Slides

Near Infrared Detection with Porous Nitrocellulose Films Improves Sensitivity for Protein Arrays. Despite some clear performance advantages of porous nitrocellulose Film-Slides for protein arrays, one objection to their use is the inherent fluorescence background detected on most scanners when using popular organic dyes with visible emission wavelengths (500-650 nm). However, fluorescence detection in near infrared … Continued

Optimized Blocking Of Porous Nitrocellulose Films For Sensitive Protein Microarrays

Michael A. Shultz, Aki Ohdera, Jason MacManiman, Charles M. McGrath. Grace Bio-Labs, Inc.   ABSTRACT Super G Blocking Buffer was developed to produce low backgrounds in assays using nitrocellulose film-slides.  Using this blocking reagent in combination with ONCYTE® SuperNOVA Film-slides, we achieved an order of magnitude greater sensitivity in a cytokine microarray assay than with … Continued

Inclusion of Super G in All Steps of Protein Arrays Improves S/N

Blocking reagents are used to reduce non-specific protein binding in immunoassays, significantly improving results in terms of Signal-to-Noise ratio. Typically the blocking reagent is added prior to addition of the primary detection antibody.In this study we asked the question as to whether addition of the blocking reagent to other steps in a protein array assay … Continued

Preserving Protein Immuno-Reactivity

Microarrays deposited onto solid supports are robust platforms for performing antibody capture and antigen detection assays.  Among various substrates, thin film porous nitrocellulose cast on glass surfaces has excelled in the field of proteomics since its invention by scientists at Grace Bio-Labs (McGrath, CM, Grudzien, J and A. Levine. Cell Vision 2:499-509, 1995). The irregular 3-dimensional … Continued