ONCYTE® Film slides
ONCYTE® FILM SLIDES
ONCYTE ® Porous nitrocellulose Film slides are comprised of a microporous nitrocellulose film cast on a variety of solid surfaces. They offer numerous advantages over functionalized surface chemistries:
- An increased available surface translates into high protein binding capacity.
- Fluorescence Signal Amplification via the Tyndall effect for enhanced sensitivity.
- Broad dynamic range and low detection limit
SEM image of ONCYTE® Porous nitrocellulose film. The small pore supplies a very large surface
area which contributes to its high binding capacity. The pore structures in this formulation promote controlled and uniform wetting, thus making it ideal for microarray deposition.
Tyndal Effect. When excitation light strikes the surface of the PNC, tiny voids in the film scatter the incident light, causing many of the photons to reflect back onto fluorophores, thus increasing the probability that the excitation light will be absorbed by a fluorophore. Thus the effective “extinction coefficient” is greatly increased.
Detection of Antibody Binding Capacity on Blocked Substrates. Data represent mean fluorescent intensities from serial dilutions of IgG-TRITC spotted in duplicates on multiple array slides (n=4) after extensive washing and detected with 532 nm excitation. Biotechniques: 2013 Vol 54, No 4: pg 223-225
ONCYTE® film slides are manufactured to the highest standards and quality tested, they provide excellent reliability and reproducible. There are many existing pad configurations available, and Grace has the ability to customize film patterns to meet the needs of customers. In addition, Grace offers strong R&D support for new applications and quality support for variance control of key performance indicators.
Protein Microarray Substrates Selection Guide
Oncyte® Brand Nitrocellulose Thin Film Slides
< 200 nm
Antigen or antibody binding, cell or tissue lysate binding, glycoprotein and peptide binding assays
Antigen or antibody binding, glycoprotein and peptide binding assays
Antigen or antibody binding cell or tissue lysate binding glycoprotein and peptide binding assay
Antigen or antibody binding, glycoprotein and peptide binding assays
1 More hydrophobic surfaces may result in reduced spot diameter, depending on the spotting buffer composition. Results may vary based on buffers, sample preparation, spotting and scanning instruments. See our ONCYTE® user guide for full discussion.
2 All detection methods are compatible with ONCYTE® Nitrocellulose Film Slides.
Reverse Phase Protein Arrays
ONCYTE Film Slide Overview
2013 Microarray World Congress Presentation By Grace Bio-Labs
Pin, Elisa et al. 2016. “A Pilot Study Exploring the Molecular Architecture of the Tumor Microenvironment in Human Prostate Cancer Using Laser Capture Microdissection and Reverse Phase Protein Microarray.” Molecular Oncology 10(10):1585–94. Retrieved March 17, 2017 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1574789116301077).
Wright, David K. et al. 2016. “Behavioral, Blood, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Biomarkers of Experimental Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.” Scientific Reports 6. Retrieved March 17, 2017 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4923906/).
Kramer, Jill M. et al. 2016. “Analysis of IgM Antibody Production and Repertoire in a Mouse Model of Sjögren’s Syndrome.” Journal of Leukocyte Biology 99(2):321–31. Retrieved March 17, 2017 (http://www.jleukbio.org/content/99/2/321).
Oncyte List of Applications
- RPPA- reverse phase protein microarrays
- Laser microdissection- RRPA
- Antigen-capture assay
- Antibody capture assay
- Biomarker Discovery and Validation
- Serological Assay
- Immunogen Discovery
Q. Which concentrations of antibodies or proteins should be printed on the ONCYTE® Film Slides?
A. For purified proteins a concentration of about 0.05-1 mg/ml is optimal for most applications, the upper end of this range is recommended for antibodies.
Q. Should printing be performed at low temperatures?
A. No, printing may be performed at room temperature as long as humidity is maintained at around 50-55% to avoid sample evaporation during the process.
Q. My protein sample contains urea, is this going to affect protein binding to ONCYTE® Film Slides?
A. No. Samples containing urea are routinely printed on ONCYTE® Film Slides. Slides are chemically resistant to reagents typically used in most assays for cell analysis including 50% formamide. Film slides are not recommended for use with acetone, ethanol, and methanol. Isopropanol and butanol are common substitutes. DMSO could negatively affect nitrocellulose too, therefore its concentration should not exceed 5%.
Q. Can traditional western blot blocking buffers be used for blocking protein microarrays?
A. The composition of the blocking buffer should be optimized for each experimental setting. Colorimetric and chemiluminescent detections are compatible with the blocking buffers commonly used for western blot, such as PBS or TBS containing 1-5% non-fat milk. Fluorescent detection, on the other hand, can be hampered by background fluorescence typically associated with protein–based blocking buffers. Super G Protein array blocking buffer has been optimized for fluorescent assays and produces a very high signal to noise ratio, minimizing the background fluorescence.
Q. How do I image my microarray results?
A. ONCYTE® Film Slides are compatible virtually with all detection systems: isotopic, chemiluminescent, chromogenic, and fluorescent detections are all viable options.
Q. How should printed ONCYTE® Film Slides be stored?
A. Non-printed slides should be stored at room temperature in their original packaging. Printed slides can be stored at 4°C for short-term storage or at -20°C for long-term storage. An overnight incubation at 4°C is recommended after printing in order to maximize protein binding before use.
Q. What kind of controls should be included in the microarray analysis?
A. IgG pre-labeled with a fluorophore should be spotted on the array to check for proper protein binding. Buffer-only spots can be used for background subtraction, as well as secondary antibody-only stained film slides. Replicates should also be spotted on the array for each protein.
Q. Can ONCYTE® Film Slides be ‘stripped’ and re-used?
A. No. It is not advisable to re-use ONCYTE® Film Slides.
10X PBST Wash BufferSEARCH
Blocking buffers, spotting buffers and sample preparation kits for consistent results and improved sensitivity in protein microarrays.
ProPlate® Microtiter PlatesSEARCH
Patented ProPlate® MTP technology for high throughput robotic processing of microarrays allows you to combine your content arrayed substrate to a disposable ANSI-SLAS -compliant microtiter plate.
ProPlate® Multi-Array Slide SystemSEARCH
ProPlate® re-usable, multi-well chambers form removable, leak-proof wells on virtually any slide surface without the use of adhesive. Designs feature ANSI-SLAS compliant well spacing to facilitate multichannel pipetting. Multiple slides insert easily into frames having a standard microtiter plate footprint for automated processing.
ProPlate® Multi-Well ChambersSEARCH
ProPlate® re-usable, multi-well chambers are available in a wide variety of formats to fit standard 1 x 25 x 75 mm glass microscope slide substrates. Chambers having a depth of approximately 7.5 mm provide a generous surface to volume ratio to facilitate mixing and washing steps.
GBL Protein Array BufferSEARCH
GBL Protein Arraying Buffer is a non-denaturing microarray spotting buffer designed to work with our ONCYTE® porous nitrocellulose film slides.
Protein Array Assay SystemSEARCH
The Protein Array Assay System includes the key reagents necessary for maximal use of our ONCYTE® nitrocellulose film slides and can be used in various protein microarray applications such as antibody and antigen capture arrays.
QBlock™ Protein Microarray Blocking BufferSEARCH
QBlock™ Protein Microarray Blocking Buffer is a non-protein based reagent designed to block non-specific protein binding on porous nitrocellulose substrates.This blocker was formulated for maximizing assay signal while minimizing background from assays utilizing Quantum Nanoparticles (QNPs) for detection, and is also compatible with other assay types using organic fluors (e.g. Alexa Fluor dyes, Li-Cor dyes) or colorimetric endpoint detection (e.g DAB) after enzymatic amplification. It is supplied as a 1X solution, ready to use out of the bottle, for microarray applications.
Reverse Phase Protein Array (RPPA) Assay SystemSHOP
The RPPA Assay System from Grace Bio-Labs was designed to provide users with an effective and easy-to-implement introduction to RPPA technology. The standardized RPPA reagents provided in this kit offer an effective system for generating high-quality data from RPPA assays. In addition, use of this kit can contribute to consistent results between assays, laboratories, and institutions.
Super G™ Blocking BufferSEARCH
Super G™ Blocking Buffer optimizes the use of nitrocellulose for protein assays using fluorescence detection. Results with Super G™ show significant reduction in fluorescence background while maintaining the high protein-binding capacity of porous nitrocellulose. Purified, protein-free solution has high binding efficiency for rapid and comprehensive blocking of non-specific protein.
Super G™ Plus Protein PreservativeSEARCH
Super G™ Plus Preservation Buffer delivers highly efficient blocking of non-specific protein binding on polymer films, with additional components optimized for long-term protein preservation. This formulation improves assay performance for various proteins stored for extended periods after immobilization on polymer films.
PATH® Protein Microarray SlidesSEARCH
PATH® Protein Microarray Slides are coated with an ultra-thin nitrocellulose film for the noncovalent, yet irreversible, binding of printed antibodies to the slide surface while maintaining antigen binding capability. PATH® slides provide maximum reliability, sensitivity, and reproducibility of multiplex protein microarray immunoassays, in addition to reducing background fluorescence and maximizing signal-to-noise ratios.