Protein Crystallization

Protein crystallization is a key assay for structural studies of proteins. The protocols for crystallization of protein are challenging due to the stringent requirement for pure samples and control of environmental conditions during the crystallization process. Vapor diffusion using hanging drop is a preferred method for obtaining quality crystals with…

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Buffers and Reagents

High-quality, ready-to-use buffers and reagents manufactured in ISO- certified facilities.

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Protein Microarray Substrates

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Grace Bio-Labs microarray surface chemistry is based on the well-known protein-binding properties of nitrocellulose. A range of different formulations have…

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Antigen-Capture AssayAntibody Capture AssayCoronavirus Antigen ArrayEpitope-mappingBiomarker Discovery and ValidationImmunogen Discovery

DNA Microarray Substrates

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Epoxy Microarray Slides provide a uniform substrate for a variety of DNA/RNA-based diagnostic applications.

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DNA/Oligonucleotide Microarray ;  microRNA Microarray ;  Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Analysis ;  Gene Expression Profiling; 

Microarray Reagents

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Grace Bio-Labs microarray regents have been specifically formulated to achieve the full potential of porous nitrocellulose, accelerating experimental design and…

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Antigen-Capture Assay Antibody Capture Assay RPPA- Reverse Phase Protein Microarray Laser micro-dissection RRPA Epitope-mapping Biomarker Discovery and Validation Immunogen Discovery

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Antibody capture assay ;  Epitope-mapping ;  Biomarker Discovery and Validation ;  Immunogen Discovery ;  Quantitative multiplex immunoassays ;  Peptide Microarrays ;  Autoantibody profiling ;  Multiplex serological assays; 

NanoParticle Fluorescent Calibration Slide

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Photostable nanoparticles arrayed on glass slides for calibration of fluorescence imaging systems and quantitative analysis.

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Calibration of Microarray Scanners ;  Quantitative Microarray Analyses Microscope Focal Plane Adjustment;  Microscope Focal Plane Adjustment; 

ProPlates® Multi-Well Chambers

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ProPlate® re-usable, multi-well chambers are available in a wide variety of formats to fit standard 1 x 25 x 75…

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Microarray ;  Hybridization and Incubation;  ELISA;  PCR and NGS; 

CoverWell™ Incubation Chambers

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CoverWell™ incubation chambers are reusable, easy to apply chambers that attach without the use of adhesive.  CoverWells™ enclose a large…

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Reverse Transfection Microarray;  DNA Microarray;  In-situ hybridization;  Immunohistochemistry; 

Silicone Isolators

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Silicone Isolators allow researchers to isolate specimens using removable hydrophobic barriers. They may be used to isolate cells grown in…

SecureSeal™ Hybridization Chambers

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SecureSeal™ Hybridization Chambers are thin, silicone-gasketed chambers providing optimal surface-to-volume fluid dynamics for hybridization assays on large or multiple specimens…

HybriWell™ Sealing System

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HybriWell™ Sealing System bonds securely to a microscope slide surface in seconds to confine small reagent volumes with samples and…

Hybridization and Incubation

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Hybridization and incubation Seals ad Chambers from Grace Bio-Labs are ideally suited for in situ-hybridization assays. The adhesive seal of…

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In-situ hybridization MicroarraysFluorescence In situ Hybridization (FISH)FRET (Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer)

FastWells™ Reagent Barriers

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FastWells™ are sticky, flexible silicone gaskets that form hydrophobic reagent barriers around specimens without messy adhesives or special slides. Gaskets may…

FlexWell™ Incubation Chambers

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FlexWell™ incubation chamber silicone gaskets form wells on slides using clean release adhesive to isolate up to 16 specimens per…

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Protein MicroarrayHybridizationIncubation

HybriSlip™ Hybridization Covers

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HybriSlips™ are rigid, light-weight, thin plastic coverslips that minimize friction and facilitate uniform reagent distribution during incubation steps which require…

ProPlates®

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ProPlates® were specifically designed to enable automated robotic liquid handling. Two main configurations are available: The ProPlate® Microtiter Plate is comprised…

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ProteomicsProtein MicroarraysProtein expression analysis;  Antibody profiling ;  cDNA and oligonucleotide arrays; 

Silicone Isolators™ Sheet Material

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Silicone isolator™ sheet material allows researchers to create their own removable hydrophobic barriers to isolate specimens. Where additional sealing is…

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Protein and DNA arrays ;  Immunohistochemistry;  Fluorescence In situ Hybridization (FISH) ;  Biopolymers and hydrogel formulation ;  Cryogenic-transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM) ;  Microwave crystallization ;  Ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) ;  Tissue ingeneering;  Live cell lithography” (LCL); 

CultureWell Removable chamber slide 8 well Catalog #: 103542

Microscopy Reagents

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Grace Bio-Labs microscopy reagents are manufactured in ISO-certified facilities to ensure the highest quality and consistency.

Imaging Spacers

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Imaging spacers are ultra-thin adhesive spacers which peel-and-stick to coverglass or microscope slides to confine specimens without compression. Layer multiple…

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Imaging;  Microscopy;  High-temperature single-molecule kinetic analysis;  Anti‐Stokes Raman scattering microscopy; 

CoverWell™ Imaging Chambers

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CoverWell ™ imaging chambers are designed to stabilize and support thick and free-floating specimens for confocal microscopy and imaging applications.…

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Confocal microscopy Imaging Tissue and Cell staining ;  High Resolution Microscopy ;  Live-cell imaging ; 

CoverWell™ Perfusion Chambers

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CoverWell ™ perfusion press-to-seal covers form water-tight, multiwell cell incubation or cytochemistry chambers when pressed to coverslips or microscope slides.…

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Single molecule spectroscopy Live-cell imaging Microscoscopy

FastWells™ Reagent Barriers

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FastWells™ are sticky, flexible silicone gaskets that form hydrophobic reagent barriers around specimens without messy adhesives or special slides. Gaskets may…

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Microscopy Fluorescence In situ Hybridization (FISH) Single-molecule fluorescence analysis ;  Immunohistochemistry ; 

MultiSlip™ Coverglass Inserts

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MutliSlip™ inserts with 8 (18mm x 18mm) or 15 (12mm x 12mm) No. 1.5 German glass coverglass per insert are…

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High resolution microscopy Fluorescent imaging Immunohistochemistry ;  Cell Culture; 

SecureSeal™ Adhesive Sheets

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These adhesive sheets are made using the same SecureSeal™ adhesive as is used to make HybriWell™ and SecureSeal™ Incubation Chambers.  Thin,…

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Imaging ;  Tissue and Cell staining ;  High Resolution Microscopy; 

SecureSlip™ Silicone Supported Coverglass

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SecureSlip™ Silicone Supported Coverglass is affixed to a thin microscopically transparent silicone base which secures it to culture vessels by…

Imaging and Microscopy

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Imaging seals and chambers from Grace Bio-Labs offer a selection of tools for cell/tissue staining for high quality results in…

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Tissue and Cell stainingHigh Resolution MicroscopyLive-cell imaging

CultureWell Removable chamber slide 8 well Catalog #: 103542

Cell Culture Reagents

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Grace Bio-Labs microscopy reagents are manufactured in ISO-certified facilities to ensure the highest quality and consistency.

CultureWell removable chamber slide

CultureWell™ Removable Chamber Slide

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CultureWell- removable chamber slide allows the cultivation and analysis of cells directly on a borosilicate microscope slide.

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Fluorescence microscopy ;  Confocal microscopy ;  Cell differentiation and transfection;  Immunohistochemistry ;  Immunofluorescence;  Immunostaining;  Tissue and cell staining ;  Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) Microscopy; 

CultureWell™ MultiWell Chambered Coverslips

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CultureWell™ chambered coverglass products consist of removable and reusable, non-cytotoxic silicone gaskets secured to number 1.5 German coverglass. Chambered coverglass…

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Cell Culture Fluorescence applications In-situ hybridization Immunostaining

CS16-CultureWell™ Removable Chambered Coverglass

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CS16 CultureWell™ removable chambered coverglass is a 16-well chambered coverglass cell culture vessel, with 2 x 8 format with standard…

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Cell CultureFluorescence applicationsIn-situ hybridizationImmunostaining

CultureWell™ Coverglass Inserts

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Each CultureWell™ coverglass insert is comprised of four chambered coverglass, assembled in a disposable frame placed in a standard 86mm…

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High resolution microscopy Fluorescent imaging Immunohistochemistry

CultureWell™ Reusable Gaskets

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Gaskets are ideal for forming wells on glass microscope slides or in polystyrene dishes. Gaskets are non-sterile and may be…

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Cell CultureHigh resolution microscopyFluorescent imaging Immunohistochemistry

CultureWell™ Silicone Sheet Material

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CultureWell™ clear silicone sheet material allows researchers to create their own removable hydrophobic barriers to isolate specimens. They may be…

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Cell CultureHigh resolution microscopy Fluorescent imagingImmunohistochemistry

MultiSlip™ Coverglass Inserts

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MutliSlip™ inserts with 8 (18mm x 18mm) or 15 (12mm x 12mm) No. 1.5 German glass coverglass per insert are…

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Cell CultureFluorescent imaging Immunohistochemistry

SecureSlip™ Silicone Supported Coverglass

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SecureSlip™ Silicone Supported Coverglass is affixed to a thin microscopically transparent silicone base which secures it to culture vessels by…

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Cell CultureImmunofluorescence assayMicroscopy

CultureWell™ ChamberSLIP 16, Non-Removable Chambered Coverglass

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CultureWell™ NON Removable Chambered Coverglass, 16 Well, No. 1.5 German borosilicate Coverglass. Product consists of cell culture vessels, with a…

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Cell Culture Fluorescence applicationsSmall volume incubation Immunostaining

Silicone Wound Splints

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Wound splints are constructed of silicone and include suture sites for increased precision in affixing on or within an animal…

Silicone Isolator Sheet Material

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Silicone isolator™ sheet material allows researchers to create their own removable hydrophobic barriers to isolate specimens. Where additional sealing is…

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Protein and DNA arrays ;  Immunohistochemistry ;  Fluorescence In-situ Hybridization (FISH) ;  Biopolymers and hydrogel formulation;  Cryogenic-transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM) ;  X-ray scattering ;  Microwave crystallization ;  Ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) ;  Tissue engineering Live cell lithography (LCL); 

CultureWell Silicone Sheet Material

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CultureWell™ clear silicone sheet material allows researchers to create their own removable hydrophobic barriers to isolate specimens. They may be…

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Lorem Ipsum ;  Lorem Ipsum;  Lorem Ipsum; 

Novel Biosensors To Study Kinase Activation In Plants

IN HybriWell

HybriWell hybridization chambers are the ideal tool for conserving precious or costly reagents in imaging experiments. HybriWells are inexpensive, disposable devices that create a chamber whose ports allow liquid exchange via microfluidic passive pumping [2], as demonstrated in this video:

Seitz et, al. recently applied the method to develop and test fluorescence-based genetically-encoded biosensors to study kinase activation dynamics in living tissue.

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) regulates many biological processes in plants, including growth, development, and stress responses. Fluorescence biosensors are useful tools to study MAPKs-mediated pathways in living plant tissues. The researchers developed two different biosensors: A MAPK FRET biosensor and a translocation biosensor.

The MAPK FRET biosensor, featuring two fluorophores, a linker, a phosphoacceptor site, and the phosphoamino acid-binding domain optimized to produce a strong FRET change in response to phosphorylation. The addition of a suitable Arabidopsis MAPK docking domain was sufficient to allow the biosensor to be efficiently phosphorylated by plant MAPKs, thus demonstrating that used to rapidly screen in vitro for amino acid sequences that specifically interact with chosen plant MAPK isoforms.


Domain structure of the MAPK FRET biosensor. YPet is a yellow fluorescent protein, FHA is the FHA1 phosphopeptide binding domain of yeast RAD53, EV linker is a flexible linker domain, P.A. is the phosphoacceptor domain, MKP1 is an 80 amino acid region of the Arabidopsis MKP1 protein, and Turquoise GL is a blue fluorescent protein.

The translocation biosensor, contains a “nuclear localization signal (NLS) and a nuclear exclusion signal (NES) module, with several phosphorylation sites scattered throughout. The phosphorylation status of these sites impacts the activities of these localization signals, directing the biosensor to either localize or be excluded from the nuclei of cells in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. By attaching a docking domain targeted by a kinase of interest to this type of biosensor, the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of the sensor can serve as a visual indicator of kinase activity”.

The FRET and translocation biosensors, described in this study, were demonstrated to be valuable tools to study MAPK signaling in Arabidopsis.

References

  1. Seitz K, Krysan PJ. Expanding the Toolkit of Fluorescent Biosensors for Studying Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases in Plants. Int J Mol Sci. 2020;21(15):5350. Published 2020 Jul 28. doi:10.3390/ijms21155350
  2. SVang S, Seitz K, Krysan PJ. A simple microfluidic device for live cell imaging of Arabidopsis cotyledons, leaves, and seedlings. Biotechniques. 2018 Jun;64(6):255-261. doi: 10.2144/btn-2018-0044. PMID: 29939090.